Median household incomes

Median household income: ONS

  • Growth in UK median household disposable income since 1977 has closely mirrored growth in GDP per person, rising during periods of economic growth and falling after the recessions of the early 1980s, early 1990s and late 2000s.
  • Since the start of the economic downturn, median household income for the overall population has fallen by 3.8%, after adjusting for inflation.
  • However, when looking separately at non-retired and retired households, the median income for non-retired households fell by 6.4% between 2007/08 and 2011/12, while the median income for retired households grew by 5.1%.
  • Between 2007/08 and 2011/12, average income from employment and investments for the middle fifth of non-retired households fell from £37,900 to £32,600.
  • Cash benefits for the middle fifth of non-retired households rose from £3,100 to £4,600 between 2007/08 and 2011/12. As a result, the average proportion of gross income coming from cash benefits increased from 7.6% to 12.3% for this group.
  • Average direct taxes paid by the middle fifth of non-retired households have fallen from £8,700 in 2007/08 to £6,800 in 2011/12. As a percentage of gross income, this is equivalent to a fall from 21.1% to 18.3%.
  • The average amount paid in indirect taxes by the middle fifth of non-retired households also fell between 2007/08 and 2011/12, from £6,400 to £6,000, partly reflecting falling average expenditure. However, as a proportion of gross income, indirect taxes rose from 15.6% to 16.2% over this period, due to gross income falling at a faster rate.
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The economic position of households

The economic position of households: Q1 2012: ONS

  • Real household actual income per head fell by 0.6 per cent in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the fourth quarter of 2011, to its lowest level since the second quarter of 2005
  • Real household actual expenditure per head fell by 0.2 per cent in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the fourth quarter of 2011, to its second lowest level since the third quarter of 2003
  • The household saving ratio fell by 0.5 percentage points to 6.4 per cent in the first quarter of 2012. Gross household saving was £17,000 million in the same quarter, down from £18,300 million in the fourth quarter of 2011

2011 census

2011 Census – Population and Household Estimates for England and Wales, March 2011

  • On census night the population in England and Wales was 56.1 million. This was the largest the population had ever been.
  • There were 27.6 million men and 28.5 million women in England and Wales.
  • The population of England and Wales has grown by 3.7 million in the 10 years since the last census, rising from 52.4 million in 2001, an increase of 7.1 per cent.
  • The median age of the population in England and Wales was 39. For men, the median age was 38 and for women it was 40. In 1911, the median age was 25.
  • The percentage of the population aged 65 and over was the highest seen in any census at 16.4 per cent, that is one in six people in the population was 65 and over.
  • There were 430,000 residents aged 90 and over in 2011 compared with 340,000 in 2001 and 13,000 in 1911.
  • In 2011, there were 3.5 million children under five in England and Wales, 406,000 more than in 2001.
  • In England and Wales the average population density was 371 people per square kilometre; however in London this figure was 5,200.
  • There were 23.4 million households in England and Wales on census night. The average household size was 2.4 people per household in 2011.