Ethnic inequalities in labour market participation have persisted over time; between 2001 and 2011, there remained considerable differences between ethnic groups in employee, self-employed, and unemployment rates.
In terms of unemployment, the overwhelming picture is one of continuing ethnic minority disadvantage compared with the White British majority group.
There is considerable variability in unemployment rates between places for each ethnic group, as well as between ethnic groups.
For those in employment, at the national level ethnic minority groups are most unevenly spread across occupation types.
Analysis of Local Enterprise Partnerships highlight that occupational segregation is often higher for men than women.
In all locations, mid-skilled occupations are commonly under-represented among ethnic minority groups.