European low-wage earners

Low-wage earners: Eurostat

  • One out of six employees in the EU27 was a low-wage earner in 2010
  • The proportion of low-wage earners among employees amounted to 17.0% in 2010 in the EU27
  • In the EU27 in 2010, 21.2% of female employees were low-wage earners, compared with 13.3% of male employees
  • In the EU27 in 2010, 29.0% of employees with a low education level were low-wage earners, compared with 19.3% of those with a medium level and 5.8% of those with a high level.

Retail Sales

Retail Sales, November 2012: ONS

  • In November 2012, year-on-year estimates of retail sales volumes continued to show upward movements that have been seen in the retail sector since August 2011. However, this is not a long term pattern for the retail sector which overall, between 2007 and 2012, has been relatively flat.
  • Compared with November 2011, the quantity of goods bought (all retailing seasonally adjusted sales volumes) in November 2012 was estimated to have increased by 0.9%. Between the same periods the amount spent (all retailing seasonally adjusted sales values) was estimated to have increased by 1.5%.
  •  The estimated average weekly spend online in November 2012 was £711 million compared with £658 million in November 2011.
  • Across all retailing an estimated £7.3 billion was spent weekly in November 2012 and in November 2011. This indicates that while consumers continued to spend approximately the same amount as they did last year, this year they spent more online and less in store

European inflation down

European inflation: Eurostat

  • Euro area annual inflation was 2.2% in November 2012, down from 2.5% in October. A year earlier the rate was 3.0%. Monthly inflation was -0.2% in November 2012
  • EU annual inflation was 2.4% in November 2012, down from 2.6% in October. A year earlier the rate was 3.3%.  Monthly inflation was -0.1% in November 2012

European employment down

European employment: Eurostat

  • The number of persons employed decreased by 0.2% in both the euro area (EA17) and the EU27 in the third quarter of 2012 compared with the previous quarter.
  • In the second quarter of 2012, employment was stable in the euro area and increased by 0.1% in the EU27. These figures are seasonally adjusted.
  • Compared with the same quarter of the previous year, employment fell by 0.7% in the euro area and by 0.5% in the EU27 in the third quarter of 2012 (after -0.7% and -0.3% respectively in the second quarter of 2012).
  • In the third quarter of 2012, 222.6 million men and women were employed in the EU27, of  which 146.0 million were in the euro area


Trends for women

Global Employment Trends for Women 2012: ILO

  • Women face higher unemployment rates than men globally, with no improvements likely in the coming years
  • Globally, the gap in unemployment and employment-to-population ratios was moving towards convergence before the crisis. The crisis reversed this trend in the hardest-hit regions.
  • In the advanced countries, the crisis seems to have affected men in trade- dependent sectors more than women in health and education. In developing countries, women were strongly hit in trade-related sectors.
  • In 2012, the share of women in vulnerable employment, (contributing family workers plus own account workers), was 50 per cent and that of men was 48 per cent. But there were much larger gaps in North Africa (24 percentage points), and in the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa (15 points).
  • In advanced economies, women’s employment in industry halved, crowding 85 per cent of them into services, primarily in education and health.