Population changes

Measuring National Well-being – Population

  • The estimated population of the world passed the 7 billion mark on 31st October 2011 and is projected to exceed the 10 billion mark by 2100
  • The estimated resident population of the UK was 62.3 million in mid-20101 , an increase of 470,000 (0.8 per cent) on the previous year and the highest annual growth rate since mid-1962
  • The latest 2010-based national population projections show that the UK’s population is projected to reach 67.6 million by 2021 and increase further to 71.8 million by 2031
  • There are more females than males in the UK population; 31.6 million females compared with 30.6 million males in 2010
  • The number of people aged 65 and over is projected to become larger than the number aged under 16 in about 2023
  • Between mid-2001 and mid-2010, net natural change (the difference between births and deaths) went up from 62,000 between 2001 and 2002 to 243,000 between 2009 and 2010
  • Between 2009 and 2010, net natural change added 3.9 people and net migration and other changes added 3.7 people for every 1,000 resident in the UK
  • In 2010, in the UK, there were approximately 810,000 live births and approximately 560,000 deaths
  • An estimated 339,000 people emigrated from the UK in the year to December 2010 while the estimate of long-term international immigration to the UK in the same period is 591,000
  • Recent projections based on 2010 population estimates suggest that, not only will the UK population continue to grow, reaching nearly 72 million by 2031, but also that the estimated number of residents aged 65 and over will be larger than the number aged under 16 years by 2023

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